Back to advice hub
The 5 key parts of Human Resources

What are the different functions of HR?

Sarah
Hytner-Marriott
Curation Manager

The HR team are responsible for lots of things. In most companies this will include managing job recruitment, selection and promotion, developing and overseeing employee benefits and wellness programmes, developing, promoting and enforcing personnel policies, promoting employee career development and training, providing orientation training for new hires, and guidance regarding disciplinary actions.

Five key functions of HR

Processing people on systems

This can include making sure all their personal data is up to date or getting them paid on time.

Employee relations

Handling more complex issues around making sure everyone is treated fairly, such as  maternity or paternity leave, any disciplinary actions, organisational restructures, performance issues or diversity and inclusion.

Hiring the right people

Most HR teams will have a recruitment/resourcing function, to support all teams throughout the rest of the business in hiring the best people for their teams.

Learning and development

Making sure employees have the right tools and skills to do their jobs and the best people are being recognised for their efforts and being given opportunities for further development.

Rewards and benefits

Putting processes in place to ensure fair rewards and benefits, from promotion and pay rises to pensions.

What kind of apprenticeship role could you have within an HR team?

A role in HR would involve dealing with employee concerns like benefits, pay, employee investments, pension plans, and training. They may also be involved in workplace conflicts. You will be involved in recruiting and overseeing the hiring process, including background checks and orientation, as well as filling out paperwork for new hires, and fires to prove the company is meeting regulations. One of the best parts of the job is you are there to improve the morale of the company, and as a direct result, contribute to the overall success of the company. You will know everyone in the business, and will be the first person they come to with queries about the company’s culture as well as any issues they may face.

Examples include:

People data analyst: is responsible for managing HR analytics, defining analytical strategy, building metrics and interpreting data. This will give insight into the company and its employees aiding departmental and company-wise decisions.

HR administrator: manages the day-to-day operation of the HR team, focusing on administrative activities. This can include things like maintaining data consistency and making updates as needed, updating employee details, payroll and taking meeting notes. 

Business analyst: usually focuses on looking at how the business operates and giving guidance to team, influencing decisions made on how best to change or manage existing processes.

What are the key skills needed for a career in HR?


  • Planning
  • Work relations 
  • Strong maths skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Compassionate
  • Multi-tasking
  • Good judgement
  • Investigative 
  • Management skills
  • Discretion
  • Confident decision making




Related Articles